Measured by the calorific value of the highly organic matter containing waste, the efficiency of the energy, obtained by combustion, is not optimal.
Timely Approaches for final disposal of waste therefore rely on technologies, which have been used for a longer time for the production of energy from coal or lignite. Gasification, international and official classified as the best available technology (BAT)
The most actual technology for the final disposal of any kind of waste, counting as sustainable, is the Plasma gasification or plasma-assisted gasification
It can be used to convert carbon-containing materials to synthesis gas that can be used to generate power and other useful products, such as transportation fuels. In an effort to reduce both the economic and environmental costs of managing municipal solid waste, (which includes construction and demolition wastes) a number of cities are working with plasma gasification companies to send their wastes to these facilities. One city in Japan gasifies its wastes to produce power. In addition, various industries that generate hazardous wastes as part of their manufacturing processes (such as the chemical and refining industries) are using plasma gasification as a cost-effective means of managing those wastes streams.
The organics are decomposed into their original constituents at extremely high temperatures in a fluidized bed process. Because of the process, synthetic gas and mineral slag are produced. In order to clean the resulting syngas of possible toxins, such as dioxins or furans, and to compress the residues, a plasma burner is connected downstream to the process.